Wheelchairs are one of the most essential tools in the life of disabled people. They help them move around freely, and they are the only thing that enables them to live everyday life.
A wheelchair provides mobility for a person who cannot walk or stand up. They are for different purposes, such as work, shopping, or visiting a doctor. So what are the types of wheelchairs for disabled people?
There are many types of wheelchairs available, such as manual, power, electric, and hydraulic. Each has its advantages and disadvantages.
What kinds of Disabilities need a Wheelchair?
According to the World Health Organization, around 15% of the world’s population is suffering from some form of disability. Disability is a state of being, not a condition or disease. The word “disability” means a lack or impairment in bodily or mental functions.
As per the criteria set by the Centers for Disease Control, a person with a disability has some form of limitation and may be unable to perform certain tasks. People with disabilities may need special equipment to assist them.
- Spine injuries
- Developmental disorders
- Visual impairments
- Neurological problems
- Orthopedic problems like amputations, fractures, etc
- Muscular dystrophy
- Cerebral palsy
- Congenital deformities
Types of Wheelchairs
Some people use wheelchairs daily, while others use them only at specific times or when they need to go somewhere.
A few common types are manual wheelchairs, power wheelchairs, and scooters. Manual wheelchairs have two wheels and are operated by pushing with the hands. Power wheelchairs have four wheels and are operated through the feet. Scooters are two-wheeled vehicles that use a small motor to propel the vehicle.
Attendant Steered Manual Wheelchairs
The Manual Wheelchair is the simplest type of wheelchair. It has a handlebar, a seat, and two front wheels.
The person in the chair pushes the handlebar to move the wheelchair forward. If the person stops pushing, the wheelchair comes to a stop.
A manual wheelchair does not have an electric motor. It does not require batteries or an electrical power source.
There are several different models of manual wheelchairs available on the market today.
Self-Propelled Manual Wheelchairs
Self-Propelled Manual Wheelchairs (SPM) are wheelchairs that are designed for the person to propel them utilizing pushing and pulling on a bar.
There are two main types of SPM: one is the SPM where the user can propel it using only his/her upper body, and the other is the SPM where the user can propel it using both his/her upper and lower body.
Power or Motorized Types of Wheelchairs
It’s not a secret that power wheelchairs have become more common in recent years, and there are several reasons why this is the case.
Some people find they can use a power wheelchair more easily than a manual one, as they may be able to operate it with less effort.
Others feel that they get more independence from a power wheelchair, especially when it comes to going out for the evening. However, a power wheelchair isn’t for everyone.
Scooter Types of Wheelchairs
The term “scooter” is often used to refer to electric-powered wheelchairs. They are a type of powered wheelchair, and they are designed for people with mobility issues, such as those who have been injured or those who have lost the ability to walk.
However, scooters can also be used by people who need to travel in a seated position and can include those who need to travel in a seated position but still have some walking ability.
Knee-scooters have benefits for people with mobility issues who may be able to walk, but only with some difficulty. The knee-scooters are designed to fit under the user’s knees, and they allow the user to move forward while sitting down.
The footplate is mounted to the floor, and the frame connects to the footplate. The frame includes wheels that allow the user to roll along the floor. The suspension system of the knee-scooter allows it to be raised and lowered.
A passive suspension system uses a spring or airbag to suspend the knee scooter. An active suspension system uses a motor and gearbox to suspend it.
Standing Wheelchairs for the Disabled
A Standing Wheelchair is a wheelchair with wheels that are designed to allow the user to stand up, move around and stand up on their own.
This type of chair is also known as a standing frame or an automatic standing frame. The term standing frame can be used interchangeably with the term standing wheelchair.
The advantages of using a standing frame include increased independence, mobility, and confidence.
You may have seen an athlete using a wheelchair at some point in your life. Most likely you didn’t know that these were sports wheelchairs, rather than standard wheelchairs for everyday use.
From playing soccer to basketball to tennis, wheelchair tennis is gaining in popularity.
The wheelchair recliner comes in a variety of styles, from basic to elaborate. There are several different kinds of wheelchair recliners, including fixed and adjustable recliners.
Fixed wheelchairs can be either forward or backward recliners, with the backrest extending at a fixed angle.
Adjustable wheelchairs recline either forward or backward, allowing the user to adjust the seat depth and angle of recline.
Tilting Wheelchairs for Physically Challenged People
Tilting wheelchairs provide a range of mobility options for individuals with mobility challenges who may be unable to use conventional wheelchairs due to their inability to stand up, or because they have a limited range of motion.
The Tilting Wheelchair allows people to tilt back and forth while seated, allowing them to sit upright and stand up if they wish to do so.
A terrain wheelchair is a type of wheelchair that can traverse the terrain. They are designed with specific features to ensure that they can be used on uneven surfaces and can provide safe mobility for their users.
Some terrain wheelchairs can climb steps or stairs, while others can be folded for ease of storage and transport. Wheelchairs are classified as either sit-in, stand-up, or walkers.
Smart Technology Wheelchairs
Smart technology wheelchairs have the potential to improve the lives of those who are confined to a wheelchair.
The most common type of smart technology wheelchair is a powered wheelchair that uses an electric motor to propel the chair along the ground. Smart technology has also been incorporated into some manual wheelchairs, which allow the user to control the wheelchair from the inside.
Many users of powered wheelchairs are at risk of losing control due to weakness or paralysis of their muscles, which can lead to serious injuries.
A wheelchair is a device used to help children with disabilities walk. A pediatric wheelchair is specially designed for use by children.
The size, shape, and weight of the chair can vary, but it is typically lighter than an adult wheelchair and smaller than a standard office chair. This makes it easier for a child to use in a variety of settings.
There are many different types of pediatric wheelchairs available to meet the needs of children with a wide range of physical disabilities.
Stair Mounting Wheelchairs
Typically, a stair-mounting wheelchair includes a base that is designed to be easily pushed or pulled upstairs and a seat mounted on the base.
The base is commonly constructed of tubular metal and has wheels attached at one end for rolling the wheelchair along the ground.
The seat is usually pivotally mounted on the base so that it can be rotated from an inclined position to a horizontal position to facilitate entering and exiting the wheelchair from a doorway or other passageway.
The term “bariatric wheelchair” is used to describe a wheelchair that has been modified or specially adapted for people who have limited mobility due to obesity.
Bariatric wheelchairs are used by people who are heavy and therefore cannot walk, as well as those who may have had their legs amputated and are not able to sit in a standard wheelchair.
Commode wheelchairs are a great option for the elderly and disabled. They are made specifically for people who need to use the bathroom.
They feature a seat that is positioned lower than the wheelchair, allowing users to access it easily.
How does a Wheelchair Seat Function?
The seat itself is typically adjustable, and it can be made from many different materials including plastic, aluminum, steel, etc. It is also possible to buy a custom-made wheelchair seat that can be made out of different types of materials.
A wheelchair seat is designed to fit the user in a way that enables them to have a comfortable ride. The wheelchair seat is made up of several parts, which include the seat, back, and arms.
In addition to this, there are also armrests for the user. A wheelchair seat must be able to provide a high level of comfort and support to its user. The seat is where the user is seated and rests their body weight.
Pros and Cons of Wheelchairs
There are many pros and cons to wheelchairs.
- improved mobility
- boost self-confidence
- ability to get around, socialize and work
- independence to travel alone
- participation in sports
- increased cost
- reduced independence
- and risk of falling
In conclusion, there are three types of wheelchairs for disabled people. They are manual wheelchairs, power wheelchairs, and scooters. One should always choose the right model for you based on your needs and budget.
1. What are the different types of wheelchairs?
The most common types are manual wheelchairs, power wheelchairs, and scooters.
2. What is the difference between a manual wheelchair and a power wheelchair?
A manual wheelchair is powered by hand. A power wheelchair is powered by an electric motor.
3. What are the different features of each type of wheelchair?
Manual wheelchairs have more features than power wheelchairs. The most important feature of a manual wheelchair is that it has brakes. This means that you can stop the chair on your own if you need to. You can also steer the chair with your feet if you want to.
4. How do I choose a wheelchair?
You should look for one that is comfortable for you. You should also consider the size of the wheelchair. It should be big enough to fit you comfortably.
5. What are the benefits of using a wheelchair?
Using a wheelchair can help you get around. It can also help you exercise and stay in shape.
6. What are the disadvantages of using a wheelchair?
Some people may not be able to get into their car if they have a manual wheelchair. Also, if you need to go somewhere and there aren’t any ramps or elevators, you might not be able to get there.